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Plant Adaptations
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A change in rainforests as time goes by
Rainforest Changes
Causes of Rainforest Destruction
Why does this matter to us?
Plant Adaptations
Rainforest Plants
Extinct Plants
Rainforest Animals
Extinct Animals
How can you help?
Works Cited

1. Bark 

A thick back helps to limit moisture evaporation from the tree's trunk in drier, temperate deciduous forests. The smoothness of the back might also make it difficult for some other plants to grow on their surface. Most trees have a think, smooth bark since the tropical rainforests have high humidity, which is not a concern for that particular region.

 

2. Lianas 

Lianas are climbing woody vines that drape rainforest trees. They have adapted to life in the rainforest by having their roots in the ground and climbing high into the tree canopy in order to reach the available sunlight. Quite a lot of lianas start life in the rainforest canopy and send roots down to the ground.

 

3. Drip Tips

The leaves of the rainforests have adapted to overcome with extremely high rainfall. . Many tropical rainforest leaves have a drip tip. It is thought that these drip trips enable raindrops to run off quickly. Plant need to shed water to avoid the growth of bacteria and fungus in the warm, wet tropical rainforest.

 

4. Buttresses 

Many large trees have massive ridges near the base that can rise 30 feet high before blending into the trunk. Buttress roots provide extra stability, especially since roots of tropical rainforest trees are not typically as deep as compared to those of trees in temperate zones.

 

5. Prop and Stilt Roots  

Prop and stilt roots help give support and are characteristic of tropical palms growing in shallow, wet soils. Although the tree grows slowly, these aboveground roots can grow 28 inches a month.

 

6. Epiphytes
Epiphytes are plants that live on the surface of other plants, especially the trunk and branches. They grow on trees to take advantage of the sunlight in the canopy. Most are orchids, bromeliads, ferns, and Philodendron relatives. There are tiny plants called epiphylls, mostly mosses, liverworts, and lichens that live on the surface of leaves. 

 

7. Bromeliads
Bromeliads are found in the
Americas. Some of them grow in the ground, such as pineapple, but most species grow on the branches of trees. Their leaves form a vase or tank that holds water. Small roots anchor plants to supporting branches and their broad leaf bases form a water-holding tank or cup. The tanks support a thriving eco-system of bacteria, protozoa, tiny crustaceans, mosquito and dragonfly larvae, birds, tadpoles, salamanders and frogs.  The tank's capacity ranges from half a pint to 12 gallons or more.

 

Different Plant Adaptations in different parts of the rainforest.